"Shame" is unlike any film on this list. It's an NC-17 movie about sex addiction. Viewers will be forgiven if they choose to check this one out with the lights off and the doors locked, slowly curling into the fetal position as Michael Fassbender goes further and further down the rabbit hole of meaningless physical intimacy [source: Lack].
Yes, it's a compelling and disturbing film, thanks largely to Fassbender. But the lasting impact of "Shame" is sure to be that it was the first NC-17 film to see a broad release in theaters around the globe. In that sense, the film picks up the torch of sorts from "The French Connection," the 1971 hard-boiled detective thriller starring Gene Hackman and the first R-rated film to win Best Picture. But that's where the similarities stop. Hackman's Detective Popeye Doyle saw some things in his day, but probably nothing like what's going on in "Shame" [source: Lack].
Author's Note: 10 Films That Changed Filmmaking
The "Battleship Potemkin" might be responsible for the birth of the montage, but -- for my money -- the best use of the technique was by Menaham Golan in the 1987 arm wrestling action flick "Over the Top." Sylvester Stallone as truck driver Lincoln Hawk vanquishes his foes, saves his relationship with his estranged son and wins a new big rig, all while Robin Zander's "In This Country" plays in the background. If that doesn't make you want to go out and wrestle some arms, get behind the wheel of a truck and be American, nothing will.
- Barnes, Henry. "Why Buster Keaton remains the king of comedy." The Guardian. April 8, 2009. (July 27, 2014) http://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2009/apr/08/buster-keaton-paul-merton-silent-clowns
- Brown, David. "'Citizen Kane' at 70: The Legacy of the Film and Its Director." The Atlantic. May 3, 2011. (July 27, 2014) http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2011/05/citizen-kane-at-70-the-legacy-of-the-film-and-its-director/237029/
- Casey, Ned. "Jump Cut: Godard and the New Wave." WBKO. June 21, 2010. (July 27, 2014) http://www.wbko.com/blogs/behindthegreenscreen/50365357.html
- Dirks, Tim. "The General (1927)." AMC Filmsite. (July 27, 2014) http://www.filmsite.org/gene.html
- Ebert, Roger. "Battleship Potemkin." Roger Ebert's Overlooked Film Festival. (July 27, 2014) http://www.ebertfest.com/one/battleship_rev.htm
- Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Battleship Potemkin." (July 27, 2014) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/472603/Battleship-Potemkin
- Hall, Mordaunt. "The Jazz Singer (1927)." The New York Times. Oct. 27, 1927. (July 27, 2014) http://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9A01E0DC113FE03ABC4F53DFB667838C639EDE
- Hart, Hugh. "Oct. 6, 1927: The Jazz Singer Gives Movie Audiences the 'Talkies.'" Wired. Oct. 6, 2010. (July 27, 2014) http://www.wired.com/2010/10/1006warner-bros-premieres-jazz-singer/
- Hill, Logan. "Stepping Into the Void: The Magic of 'Gravity.'" Rolling Stone. Sept. 25, 2013. (July 27, 2014) http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/news/stepping-into-the-void-the-magic-of-gravity-20130925#ixzz38hohzhwF
- Hiscock, John. "James Cameron interview for Avatar." The Guardian. Dec. 3, 2009. (July 27, 2014) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/6720156/James-Cameron-interview-for-Avatar.html
- Kazan, Casey. "Ridley Scott: 'After 2001 - A Space Odyssey, Science Fiction is Dead.'" The Daily Galaxy. July 10, 2009. (July 27, 2014) http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/07/ridley-scott-science-fiction-is-dead.html
- Kohn, Eric. "Fifty Years Later, Radical as Ever: Revisiting Godard's 'Breathless.'" Indiewire. May 26, 2010. (July 27, 2014) http://www.indiewire.com/article/fifty_years_later_radical_as_ever_revisiting_godards_breathless
- Lack, Jonathan. "SDFF Review: Michael Fassbender stuns in 'Shame,' a dark, rewarding portrait of sexual addiction." Fade to Lack. Nov. 10, 2011. (July 27, 2014) http://www.jonathanlack.com/2011/11/sdff-review-michael-fassbender-stuns-in.html
- Lane, Anthony. "The Fun Factory." The New Yorker. May 16, 2011. (July 27, 2014) http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/05/16/the-fun-factory?currentPage=all
- Masand, Rajeev. "Masand Verdict: Avatar a Groundbreaking Film." IBN Live. Aug. 21, 2010. (July 27, 2014) http://ibnlive.in.com/news/masand-verdict-avatar-a-groundbreaking-film/107384-8.html
- PBS. "Buster Keaton." Jan. 13, 2000. (July 27, 2014) http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/buster-keaton/about-buster-keaton/644
- Perez, Ryan. "Why Citizen Kane's influence should stay in film and out of games." Venture Beat. July 4, 2013. (July 27, 2014) http://venturebeat.com/2013/07/04/citizen-cane-the-wishful-thinking-of-videogame-enthusiasts
- Sesonski, Alexander. "81/2: A Film with Itself as Its Subject." Criterion. Jan 12, 2010. (July 27, 2014) http://www.criterion.com/current/posts/173-8-1-2-a-film-with-itself-as-its-subject
- Suber, Howard. "2001: A Space Odyssey." Criterion. Nov. 14, 1988. (July 27, 2014) http://www.criterion.com/current/posts/819-2001-a-space-odyssey
- Von Baldegg, Kasia Cieplak-Mayr. "The First Film by the Lumière Brothers, Shot on This Day in 1895." The Atlantic. March 19, 2012. (July 27, 2014) http://www.theatlantic.com/video/archive/2012/03/the-first-film-by-the-lumi-egrave-re-brothers-shot-on-this-day-in-1895/254708
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