How College Football Crowns Its Champ

By: John Donovan  | 
UGA Orange Bowl
(From left) Georgia Bulldogs offensive lineman Jamaree Salyer, quarterback Stetson Bennett and linebacker Nakobe Dean (with an orange bowl) celebrate the team's win over the Michigan Wolverines in the Capital One Orange Bowl game Dec. 31, 2021 in Miami. Georgia will play Alabama for the National Championship Jan. 10, in Indianapolis. David Rosenblum/Icon Sportswire via Getty Images

Nothing quite incites the passion and — let's call this like it is — madness of your average tailgate-loving, uvula-rupturing college football fan quite like the prospect of a true national champion.

You know what we're talking about here. Bragging rights. "We're No. 1!" The big foam index finger. All that.


Crowning a true national champion, in fact, is the singular reason behind the way that the sport currently picks its champ, a method ingeniously called the College Football Playoff (CFP). Well, that and making a gazillion dollars, of course.

The money part, the College Football Playoff has down. As part of a reported $7.3 billion deal with ESPN that runs through 2026, the major conferences that have contracts with the Rose, Cotton and Orange bowl games were expected to pull down nearly $60 million each in the 2017 football season alone. Five other conferences will split a pool of more than $80 million. (Schools that aren't in conferences, like Notre Dame, get theirs, too.)

The other part, crowning a true national champion on the field, undisputed and completely without controversy? Well, that's always been much trickier in college ball. Though, almost five full years after doing away with the Bowl Championship Series, things have gone remarkably smoothly. So far.

The operative words there: So far.

If there's one absolute when it comes to college football, its fans and their teams' seasonal quests to be No. 1, it's that disappointment and outrage are always within field goal range.

Alabama Cotton Bowl
Alabama's Evan Neal (73) celebrates with his teammates after they defeated the Cincinnati Bearcats during the Goodyear Cotton Bowl Classic for the College Football Playoff semifinal game Dec. 31, 2021, in Arlington, Texas.
Matthew Stockman/Getty Images


How the College Football Playoff Works

The CFP is a four-team playoff that determines the de facto national champion. It took the sport a while to get to this point, from the dark ages when polls of sportswriters were the only ways to pick the champ, through various other stages (the Bowl Coalition, the Bowl Alliance) and, finally, into the oft-maligned, multiple poll-driven, statistics-overloaded Bowl Championship Series (BCS) era, which began in 1998.

Talk about disappointment and outrage. The BCS, designed to pick the two best teams in the nation to play for the championship, was pockmarked by controversy. Although, for all its detractors and missteps, the BCS got the final two teams right almost all the time and, in the end, laid the framework for the CFP.


"I think [the CFP is] working pretty well. I don't know that they've picked the wrong teams, ever, in three years previous," says Berry Tramel, a longtime columnist and reporter for The Oklahoman. "I like it better than the BCS."

The CFP, the brainstorm of a bunch of university administrators and television executives, finally came into being after the 2014 season, with its first title game played in January of 2015 between No. 4 Ohio State and No. 2 Oregon. The idea behind the playoff is — this is often the case, isn't it? — tantalizingly simple: Pick the four best college football teams in the country, put them in two well-established bowl games and have the winners play for a national championship trophy a week later.

Selecting the teams even seems straightforward enough. A dozen or so former college players, current school athletics directors and administrators, former coaches (and even journalists!) meld minds and rank the contending teams (all members of the Football Bowl Subdivision, formerly Division I-A, the top level of college football) on a variety of factors, such as:

  • If a team wins its conference
  • How strong its schedule is, based on how good its opponents are
  • How the contenders fare against each other in head-to-head competition
  • How teams fare against common opponents
  • Other factors, one being injuries that may have affected a team or likely will affect it

Therein, of course, lies the potential for outrage. No matter how many games are watched, no matter how many statistics are digested, no matter how many votes are taken by smart people (and journalists!), ranking teams is, in the end, a matter of opinion.

It's subjective. Even the CFP admits it: "For purposes of any four-team playoff, the process will inevitably need to select the four best teams from among several with legitimate claims to participate."


Selecting the Top Teams

The selection committee first assembles a few weeks into the season for its first rankings, then meets every weekend until the end of the season. Just after the conference championship games, everybody settles on the four teams to play in the CFP. The committee seeds and places the teams in the semifinals, and fills out the other major New Year's Day bowl games, too.

So far, so good.


"Computers, I'm not crazy about. Polls, I'm not crazy about. I think having sharp people to sit around and discuss it is the best way," Tramel says. "That's the way to arrive at a pretty good result no matter what you're doing, whether you're buying real estate or voting in a college football playoff."

As the 2021-2022 college football season entered its final weekend before the bowls, a weekend when conference championship games are played and the final rankings are announced, these four teams were on top (with win-loss records):

  • No. 1 Alabama (11-1)
  • No. 2 Michigan (11-1)
  • No. 3 University of Georgia (11-1)
  • No. 4 Cincinnati (12-0)

Of course, Alabama went on to beat Georgia in the SEC Championship, then win its way into its sixth appearance in seven years at the National Championship after a commanding 27-6 victory over No. 4 Cincinnati at the Cotton Bowl.

So where does that leave the No. 3 Bulldogs, which held the No. 1 spot all season long until its 41-24 loss to Alabama in the SEC Championship? The University of Georgia Bulldogs are also bound for Indy after a 34-11 win over No. 2 Michigan in the Orange Bowl.

So does that mean the 2022 College Football National Championship will be a replay of the 2021 SEC Championship? Not necessarily. Georgia has a big bone to pick with Alabama, not only because the Dawgs will be fighting for their first National Championship since 1980 (Alabama won in 2020), but also because these same two teams met here in 2018 for the National Championship — and Alabama beat Georgia 26-23 in overtime.

Talks of a six- or eight-team playoff to appease the unhappy already have been raised. Whatever happens, though, this much is certain: People will watch, the bean counters will be laughing all the way to the bank and someone, somewhere will be upset. That's the game.

"It's football. People just love the game of football. It's fast-paced. It's got speed and violence and all the things that attract people to a variety of athletics," says The Oklahoman's Tramel. "It's also partisan. It's easier to get behind a university than it is, say ... pro franchises. Everybody loves the NFL and everything else. But you can't always identify with them as much as you can, say, the University of Iowa. Or Arizona State University. Everybody can identify with a place.

"And it's got such tradition. It still does a good job of selling — it's not necessarily true — but they do a good job of selling itself as a bastion of raising up young men the right way and that kind of thing. That's what appeals to people."