How Dancing Monsters Work

The Eyes and the Base

Figure 9
Figure 9

While the motor and gears are making the monster dance, two green LEDs make his eyes light up. (Figure 9) The LEDs are connected to the circuit board in the base that controls everything. Pulses of current are sent to the LEDs to turn them on briefly. This makes them flicker in time to the music.

The base of the monster (Figure 10) holds the circuit board. (Figure 11) The circuit board contains a tiny integrated chip (IC) that is the brains of the monster. This chip has the song encoded in it and synchronizes the movement of the motor to the music. It does this by alternating the flow of current to the electric motor so that the motor spins in one direction and then reverses and spins in the other direction.

Figure 10 Figure 10
Figure 10

Five pairs of wires run from the circuit board to all of the other components. They are:

  • Power supply: Power comes through a pair of wires, one red and one black, connected to the battery compartment, which contains four AA batteries.
  • Start: A pair of yellow wires connects a small push button on the top of the base to the board. When pressed, it completes a circuit that tells the board to begin the sequence.
  • Motor: This pair, one red and one black, provides the current to run the motor.
  • LEDs: This pair of wires, one orange and one red, is used to send power to the LEDs located in the monster's head.
  • Sound: The pair of white wires carries the signal to the speaker. (Figure 12)
Figure 11 Figure 11
Figure 11

This small speaker in the base reproduces the music sent to it by the integrated chip.

Figure 12 Figure 12
Figure 12

For lots more information about the inside of a dancing monster, check out the links below.