How to Make an Outdoor Chessboard

outdoor chess at park
Love chess? If you can't find a pickup game at your local park, it might be time to build a set of your own.

In 1974, the film "The Three Musketeers" starring Raquel Welch, Richard Chamberlain and Michael York, among others, hit big screens across the U.S. Based on the classic novel by Alexandre Dumas, the farcical comedy centered on a young man who arrives in Paris to become one of the king's musketeers. The film was noted not only for its all-star cast but also for its beautiful European locations.

To illustrate the extravagance and garishness of France's prerevolutionary monarchy, director Richard Lester filmed a scene in which King Louis XIII is playing chess. Louis wasn't playing on an ordinary chessboard. He was playing on a king-sized one carved into the well-manicured lawn of Versailles. Great Danes, Dalmatians and other dogs served as movable chess pieces.


You might think that playing lawn chess with dogs is a game that only the rich and make-believe kings can enjoy. Hold on to your rooks (or your retrievers). You, too, can play outdoor chess, and we're not talking with a board on a picnic table. Many homes, buildings and public spaces have oversized chessboards. On Long Island, for example, an affordable housing complex called Arbor House has an outdoor fitness park with a jumbo chessboard and pieces standing 4 feet (more than 1 meter) tall. In Scotland, children move chess pieces almost as large as they are to help fight obesity [sources: Alvarez, The Scotsman].

We can set you up with an outdoor set and life-size pieces. All it takes is a bit of ingenuity, or at the very least, a credit card. Read on to find out how you, too, can beat your courtiers on a chessboard that will make your home into a mini-palace.


The Lawn Chessboard

If you're handy with a tape measure and a mower, then creating your own lawn chessboard might be just what Garry Kasparov ordered. Before you start giving the lawn a haircut, however, you need to consider the available space in your yard. Remember, chess is played on a 64-square board made up of eight rows, each containing eight equal spaces. Each square alternates in color.

Mowing a chessboard onto your lawn is in reality "striping" your lawn, just as the professionals do on sports fields. You create stripes by bending the blades of grass in one direction or another. Let's get started. Note: For the sake of easier reading, we're going to skip the metric conversions in the directions.


  • First, figure out the size you want the chessboard to be. This is going to depend on the size of your mower and the swath it cuts. For example, if you have a 24-inch mower, then each square in your chessboard will be 2 feet by 2 feet. If you have a 36-inch mower, then each square will be 3 feet by 3 feet.
  • Once you measure the perimeter of the board, stake the corners with batter boards and a mason's line (see sidebar). Make sure your layout lines are level by using a water level or a line level. Use the 3-4-5 triangle method to make sure the corners are square. That is, pick a point 3 feet from the corner on one side and 4 feet from the corner on the other side. The corner will be square when the distance between the lines is 5 feet (the triangle's hypotenuse). If it doesn't measure up, adjust the boards and line accordingly. Do that for every corner.
  • If everything is plumb, fire up the mower. First, mow the perimeter around the area you want the chessboard to cover. Follow the outside edge of the mason's lines.
  • Next, mow the inside of the "chessboard" in opposing directions. For example, mow one line north to south, and mow the other line south to north. Use the accompanying diagram as a guide (it's three by three rather than eight by eight, but you get the idea).
Mowing your lawn north to south
Mowing your lawn north to south
© HowStuffWorks 2013
  • Be careful when making turns from one line to the next. Experts say a "Y" type turn is the best to limit damage to the turf.
  • To complete the chessboard, change direction of the original mowing pattern. If you were mowing north to south, mow east to west.
  • Finally, mow the perimeter once again to remove any striped patterns and to clean up any mess you might have made.

Here's a tip: if you really want a colorful chessboard, buy lawn paint. It's made by a company called World Class Athletic Surfaces. It's the stuff sports stadiums use to paint all those neat designs. The paint covers the grass, but allows each blade to receive some sunlight so they can continue to grow. Paint one set of squares one color, and the other set another. Never use household paints. They'll kill your lawn [source: DIY Network].

If you don't feel like carving or cutting a chessboard into your lawn, there's no reason why you should. You can simply buy a life-size board and install it as if you were laying a rug in the living room. You can by chess blankets or nylon boards with 12-inch or 24-inch (30-centimeter or 60-centimeter) squares. You can also purchase rubberized vinyl, similar to the heavy-duty flooring you see at the school gym. These tiles clip together and can be rolled up and carted away.


The Patio Chessboard

outdoor chess in garden
Instead of concrete, this beautifully landscaped outdoor chessboard opts for pebbles, but it doesn't look like those pieces are too mobile.

If your lawn isn't big enough for a chessboard, perhaps your patio is. Already have a block patio? You're halfway there. Keep in mind that patio blocks come in all different sizes. Some are 16 inches by 16 inches (41 centimeters by 41 centimeters); others are 10 feet by 10 feet (3 meters by 3 meters). Once again, math is important. Figure out the space your chessboard is going to cover and paint the blocks accordingly.

However, if you want to build a concrete and sod patio chessboard from scratch, try this do-it-yourself project adapted from our friends at the DIY Network. (For the sake of easy reading, we will again omit metric conversions.)


  1. Just like a lawn patio, measure the perimeter first. Begin by framing the outside of the patio with pieces of lumber that measure 2 inches by 4 inches. You want the perimeter to be 16 feet by 16 feet. This will give you eight squares running along the outside, each measuring 2 feet by 2 feet. Once you're done framing, dig out 2 inches of soil on the inside.
  2. Next, take a handful of screws and place them every 2 feet on top of the perimeter frame. Attach a string to the screws and run a grid pattern from one end of the chessboard to the other end. Do this for all sides.
  3. Now comes the intricate part. Build 32 wooden frames using your two-by-fours. Each frame has to measure 4 square feet. Be precise when you cut and measure, because you're going to pour concrete later. Install the first frame on one corner of the chessboard and work out from there. Make sure the frame sits right next to the perimeter frame.
  4. Ram stakes on the inside of the smaller frame, one on each side. Next, raise the frame to the height of the string grid. Screw the stakes to the perimeter frame to hold everything in place. Repeat this step as you work your way from the corner. You'll be installing the square frames in every other "space" using the string line grid as your guide.
  5. When the inside frames are finished, pour the concrete into the squares that don't have stakes. Trowel the tops. You can color the tops with color hardener, or you can brush each wet top with a broom. It's your call. You also can also paint them when the concrete sets and hardens. Remove the frames in about 24 hours.
  6. Next, lay sod in the opposing spaces. Make sure each piece of cut sod (you'll have to trim it) makes contact with the soil.

Whether your board is mowed on a lawn, or part of a patio, you're going to need chess pieces. Each player begins with 16 pieces: eight pawns; two bishops; two rooks; two knights; one queen and one king. You can purchase various life-size pieces. They can be made out of wood, resin or plastic. Or, if you have enough dogs, use them as your chessmen.


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Author's Note: How to Make an Outdoor Chessboard

I play chess occasionally, but I mow the lawn regularly. I'm not sure whether I want to combine the two. Plus, I don't think my two dogs would like to be chess pieces. The new puppy is always knocking my Great Dane down. I guess that would be considered cheating if Bobby Fischer came to play.

Related Articles

  • Alvarez, Maria. "Active design for affordable housing." Long Island Newsday. July 31, 2013. (Aug. 14, 2013)
  • DIY Network. "How to Create a Chessboard Patio." (Aug. 15, 2013)
  • DIY Network. "How to Paint a Lawn." (Aug. 15, 2013)
  • MegaChess. "MegaChess Rubberized Vinyl Board with 24" Squares." (Aug. 15, 2013)
  • Scag Power Equipment. "Lawn Striping and Lawn Patterns—How Do They Work?" (Aug. 15, 2013)
  • The Scotsman. "Giant chessboard bid to fight child obesity." (Aug. 14, 2013).