Stereoscopic Imaging (3-D)
Some people believe that the final great filmmaking innovation is the advent of stereoscopic imaging, which you may know better as 3-D. Stereoscopy, the allusion of a three-dimensional picture, has been around since 1838. The first "golden age" of 3-D took place between 1950 and 1960, with movies like Albert Hitchcock's "Dial M for Murder." The technology and screening techniques were too limiting at the time, though, and it wouldn't be until the early 1970s that 3-D really took hold.
Cardboard glasses for movies like "Jaws 3-D" and "Friday the 13th Part 3" did a decent job, but 3-D was still more of a passing novelty than a filmmaking revolution. The mid 1980s marked the beginning of the true stereoscopic revolution with the release of "Transitions," an IMAX 3-D film shown at a Canadian technology expo in 1986. Breakthroughs in screening technology and the cameras used to shoot in 3-D have spawned a boom in big-budget stereoscopic films. James Cameron's "Avatar" was the first mainstream film to jar the world's consciousness by thrusting the audience into a CGI world.
- "CGI Historical Timeline." Design.osu.edu. 2011. http://design.osu.edu/carlson/history/timeline.html
- "Dolly History." Chapman-leonard.com. 2011.http://www.chapman-leonard.com/history.htm
- "Garret Brown Bio." Garrettcam.com. 2011.http://www.garrettcam.com/bio.php
- "History of 3D." Sensio.tv. 2011.http://www.sensio.tv/en/3d/3d_history/default.3d
- Cairns, David. "The Forgotten." Mubi.com. July 30, 2009.http://mubi.com/notebook/posts/857
- Innes, Erikka. "From Hobbits To Dinosaurs: 10 Moments In CGI History." Flixster.com, Nov. 19, 2008.http://www.flixster.com/blog/from-hobbits-to-dinosaurs-10-moments-in-cgi-history
- Lipton, Lenny. "The Last Great Innovation: The Stereoscopic Cinema." Smpte.org. 2011. http://www.smpte.org/journal/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/07-12-stereo.pdf
The HowStuffWorks podcast The Soundtrack Show looks at the movie life of the 13th-century Latin hymn 'Dies Irae.'