When Gene Pope bought the New York Enquirer in 1952, it had a circulation of less than 17,000 (Sloan, pg. 28). In the tabloid heyday of the late 1970s and 1980s, the National Enquirer's circulation topped 5 million (Sloan, pg. 218). Overall tabloid circulation has dropped by as much as 60 percent in the intervening years, with the Globe's circulation dropping below 1 million and Weekly World News only selling about 300,000 copies per week. Today, the National Enquirer reports a circulation of just 2.7 million, while American Media reports total circulation for the Enquirer, Star, Globe, National Examiner and Sun at 5.4 million [ref]. This steady decline shows no signs of stopping.
The decline might actually be the result of the tabloids' success. The skyrocketing sales of tabloids and their focus on entertainment rather than hard news caused the mainstream media to adopt some tabloid tactics to increase readership and viewership. When the media furor over the Monica Lewinsky scandal was at its peak, readership of tabloids actually dropped. The mainstream news outlets were giving their readers all the scandalous information they could possibly want. Today, magazines like People and Us have taken a mellowed-out tabloid formula, made it glossy and turned it into something people don't feel embarrassed to read in the waiting room at the dentist's office. Tabloid success even created an entire genre of TV show -- tabloid TV. Shows like Hard Copy and Entertainment Tonight offer viewers the same kind of stories and celebrity gossip the tabloids provide, but at a quicker pace and in a more visually appealing form.
For more information on tabloids and related topics, check out the links below.
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More Great Links
- Bird, S. Elizabeth. For Enquiring Minds: A Cultural Study of Supermarket Tabloids. University of Tennessee Press, 1992. 0-87049-728-6.
- Calder, Iain. The Untold Story. Miramax Books, 2004. 0-7868-6941-0.
- Miraldi, Robert. The Pen Is Mightier. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 0-312-29292-9.
- Sloan, Bill. I Watched a Wild Hog Eat My Baby. Prometheus Books, 2001. 1-57392-902-6.
- Smith, Anthony. The Newspaper: An International History. Thames and Hudson, 1979.