Once you have your defense figured out, you'll need to spend a little one-on-one time with your goalies. While many of the defensive techniques you taught the team will be useful, the goalie needs to learn a special set of skills. Being in the goal can be scary for a beginner, but with the right instruction, you can give your goalie the confidence he or she needs to succeed.
The first thing to teach a new goalie is how to stand. This may sound simple, but the goalie needs to stand comfortably and have the ability to move quickly when the other team is on offense. The recommended stance is with feet shoulder-width apart, putting the weight slightly forward on the balls of the feet. The goalie's arms should be raised to waist height with palms facing outward [source: LA84 Foundation Soccer Coaching Guide].
The most important thing to teach the goalie is to keep his or her body behind the ball at all times -- don't try to save the ball with just a hand or foot because the body takes up the most space. Stepping to the ball and then pulling the ball into the body is the most effective way to make the save. However, there will be times goalies can't make a clean save, so it's important to work on agility drills to ensure your goalie knows how to reset quickly in case the offense comes back for another shot [source: LA84 Foundation Soccer Coaching Guide].
For more information on coaching youth soccer, see the links on the following page.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- "Defending 1 v 1." WePlay: PlaySportsTV. 2009. (Accessed 12/29/09) http://www.weplay.com/youth-soccer/drills/431-Defending-1-v-1.
- "Dribbling." Expert Football. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.expertfootball.com/training/dribbling.php.
- "Fundamental Strategy." Expert Football. 2009. (Accessed 12/29/09) http://www.expertfootball.com/coaching/basic_strategy.php.
- "Help! I volunteered to Coach…What do I do?" US Youth Soccer. 2007. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/Help_Volunteered.asp.
- "Hit the Coach." WePlay. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.weplay.com/youth-soccer/drills/369-Hit-the-Coach.
- LA84 Foundation. "Soccer Coaching Manual." 2009. (Accessed 12/29/09) http://www.weplay.com/youth-soccer/drills/951-The-LA84-Foundation-Soccer-Coaching-Guide.
- "Laws of the Game." FIFA. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/lawsofthegame.html.
- "Musical Cones." WePlay. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.weplay.com/youth-soccer/drills/500-Musical-Cones.
- "Passing the Test - Soccer Passing Skills." Soccer Training Info. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.soccer-training-info.com/soccer_passing_skills.asp.
- "Pinball." WePlay. 2009. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.weplay.com/youth-soccer/drills/469-Pinball.
- "Policy on Players and Playing Rules." US Youth Soccer. 2007. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/policyonplayersandplayingrules.asp.
- "Soccer." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 2008. Encyclopedia.com. (Accessed 12/28/09) http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-soccer.html.
- "Soccer Footwork Drills." Soccer Drills Tips. 2009. (Accessed 12/29/09) http://www.soccerdrillstips.com/soccer_footwork_drills.html.