Camera operators and directors know there are some shots you just can't get from ground level. It might be a long approach, a very wide shot showing a sense of massive scale or an overhead perspective that captures the action. On land, you might get away with using a crane. When you're filming crab boats, however, your only option is a helicopter. There's good reason for this: A helicopter provides a relatively stable platform for filming and allows for precise camera motions that aren't possible with an airplane.
Of course, crab boats don't always do their work in pleasant conditions. Even at the best of times, the constant rolling swell of the ocean makes filming from a helicopter tricky. You want to get close to the boat to get the best shot, but the boat is constantly shifting, rising up and dropping down as the waves pass by. Imagine flying a helicopter over land, but the land unpredictably rises up and threatens to smash the helicopter. That's what filming from a helicopter over the ocean is like.
During storms, helicopter pilots also have to deal with strong winds and heavy rain. The electronics in helicopters are notoriously vulnerable to moisture, so they're often treated with special compounds that protect relays and connections from corrosion. For filming, a helicopter will have a special camera dome mounted below the cockpit. This camera is controlled remotely by the camera operator as the pilot steers the plane.
There's a limit to how much risk is worth a good shot. If the weather becomes too severe, a camera helicopter becomes a danger not only to its own crew, but to the boat it's filming. Visibility becomes an issue as well -- eventually, the camera won't be shooting anything but rain. While helicopters and their crews can operate in severe conditions when necessary (during a Coast Guard rescue operation, for instance), a camera helicopter generally won't take these risks and will call off the flight when the weather turns sour.
If you're interested in piloting a helicopter used in filming, the exact qualifications you need will vary depending on what nation and state you're shooting in and what professional organizations or unions you're part of. You'll typically need a commercial pilot's license, but other certifications may be necessary as well, depending on the shoot.
- Fox, David. "See to sea: HD links study." TVB Europe, Jan. 2007. (Accessed March 22, 2011.)http://www.tvbeurope.com/home
- Stephens, Ernie. "Editor's Notebook: Civilian Training vs. Military Training." Rotor & Wing, March 15, 2009.http://www.rotorandwing-digital.com/rotorandwing/200903?pg=4&search_term=editors%20notebook&search_term=editors%20notebook#pg4
- Thompson, Kalee. "Masters of Rescue." Popular Mechanics, April 2009.http://www.popularmechanics.co.za/article/masters-of-rescue-2009-05-01