When did circuses start using freak shows?

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  • Jando, Dominique. "Short History of the Circus." Circopedia. (May 12, 2015) http://www.circopedia.org/SHORT_HISTORY_OF_THE_CIRCUS
  • Royal College of Physicians. "Lazarus and Joannes Baptista Colloredo." (May 12, 2015) https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/museum-and-garden/whats/re-framing-disability-portraits-royal-college-physicians/lazarus-and-joannes
  • The University of Sheffield. "The Life and Legend of Tom Norman, the Silver King." National Fairground Archive. 2007. (May 12, 2015) http://www.nfa.dept.shef.ac.uk/history/shows/norman.html