Vincent van Gogh's Madame Roulin with her Baby Marcelle was painted in the winter of 1888. At the end of November, the bitter north wind and the freezing rain forced Vincent van Gogh to work indoors. Vincent turned his energy to portrait painting, and he convinced his friend Joseph Roulin and his family to sit for him, resulting in Madame Roulin with her Baby Marcelle.
Van Gogh long believed that portraiture was the premier subject of painting, and his repetition of subjects, such as Augustine Roulin holding her youngest child, reveals how he was striving to improve.
Gauguin's stay in Arles, France, proved to be influential on van Gogh's art. Keep reading to learn more about a painting that demonstrates this influence.