'The Exorcist' (1973)
In his 45-year career, makeup wizard Dick Smith created a fake blood recipe for "Midnight Cowboy" that is still in use, aged Dustin Hoffman nearly 100 years for the film "Little Big Man," and invented special dentures to give Marlon Brando his jowly appearance in "The Godfather" [source: Grow].
But perhaps the ultimate example of Smith's virtuosity was "The Exorcist," in which he transformed cute little Linda Blair into a demonic, vomit-spewing wraith. For the famous scene in which her character's head spun completely around, Smith meticulously crafted a fiberglass version of her noggin, capable of rotating 360 degrees [source: Yardley].
One of Smith's techniques was to make his actors' masks out of several layers molded on their faces rather than out of a single piece. This strategy is now the norm in Hollywood [source: Yardley].