Baseball's fourth out is just one of the kookier rules in the not so simple U.S. pastime. Learn what a fourth out is at HowStuffWorks.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- How Baseball Works
- How Minor League Baseball Teams Work
- How does a perfect game in baseball work?
- How do retractable roofs in convertible stadiums work?
- In baseball, how does a pitcher throw a curveball?
- When a baseball player hits a home run, how does he know how far the ball traveled?
- How do they create patterns in a baseball field?
- How Fantasy Football Works
More Great Links
- Albert, Jim. "An Introduction to Sabermetrics." Bowling Green State University.http://www-math.bgsu.edu/~albert/papers/saber.html
- Andres, Andy, Morgan Melchiorre and David Tybor. "Sabermetrics 101: The Objective Analysis of Baseball." Tufts University.http://sabermetrics.hnrc.tufts.edu/
- Andres, Andy, Morgan Melchiorre and David Tybor. "A Timeline of Sabermetrics 101." Tufts University.http://sabermetrics.hnrc.tufts.edu/history.html
- Andres, Andy, Morgan Melchiorre and David Tybor. "Sabermetrics 101 Syllabus." Tufts University.http://sabermetrics.hnrc.tufts.edu/syllabus.pdf
- Baseball Prospectus. "Albert Pujols."http://www.baseballprospectus.com/pecota/pujolal01.php
- Beane, Billy, Newt Gingrich and John Kerry. "How to Take American Health Care From Worst to First." New York Times. Oct. 24, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/24/opinion/24beane.html
- Campos, Paul and Jonathan Chait. "Sabermetrics for Football." New York Times Magazine. Dec. 12, 2004.http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/12/magazine/12SABER.html
- Davenport, Clay. "About EqA." Baseball Prospectus. Feb. 24, 2004. http://www.baseballprospectus.com/article.php?articleid=2596
- Grabiner, David. "The Sabermetric Manifesto." Sean Lahman's Baseball Archive. http://www.baseball1.com/bb-data/grabiner/manifesto.html
- Henry, John. "Bill James." Time. April 30, 2006. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1187260,00.html
- Jacques, Derek. "Value Over Replacement Player." Baseball Prospectus. May 15, 2007. http://baseballprospectus.com/article.php?articleid=6231
- Jaffe, Chris. "Bill James Interview." Hardball Times. Feb. 4, 2008. http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/article/bill-james-interview/
- Kelly, Cathal. "Mr. Beane's love affair with soccer." The Star. Aug. 21, 2007. http://www.thestar.com/article/248165
- Plautz, Jason. "Steve Blass' Horrible, Terrible, No Good, Very Bad Disease." Mental Floss. June 22, 2007.http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/6461
- Schwarz, Alan. "The Mazzone Touch Is More Than Just Perception." New York Times. May 22, 2005.http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/22/sports/baseball/22score.html
- Studeman, Dave. "2004 Win Shares Have Arrived." Hardball Times. May 16, 2004. http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/article/2004-win-shares-have-arrived/
- Wolff, Josephine. "Love baseball? Sabermetrics may be for you." The Daily Princetonian. April 18, 2008.http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/2008/04/18/20917/
- Woolner, Keith. "Introduction to VORP: Value Over Replacement Player." Stathead. http://www.stathead.com/bbeng/woolner/vorpdescnew.htm
- "EqA." Baseball Prospectus Glossary. http://www.baseballprospectus.com/glossary/index.php?search=EQA
- "Fixing VORP." The Book. Aug. 14, 2008. http://www.insidethebook.com/ee/index.php/site/article/fixing_vorp/
- "Mark Twain quotations." Twainquotes.com.http://www.twainquotes.com/Statistics.html
- "Q&A With Baseball Guru Bill James." Time. http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1720044-2,00.html
- "Rick Helling Statistics." Baseball Reference. Oct. 30, 2008.http://www.baseball-reference.com/h/helliri01.shtml
- "The Dead Ball Era." Historic Baseball.http://www.historicbaseball.com/fea/era_deadball.html
- "1998 American League." Baseball Reference. Oct. 30, 2008.http://www.baseball-reference.com/leagues/AL_1998.shtml