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How Professional Clowns Work
Whether we love them or hate them, clowns aren't a rare sight. But have you ever thought about how much people can earn when they run off with the circus? Learn that and more about the serious business of clowning. Read more »
Related ArticlesSources
  • Bogdan, Robert. "Freak Show: Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit." University of Chicago Press. 1990. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://books.google.com/books?id=hr-9GRxJfPEC&dq=myrtle+corbin&source=gbs_navlinks_s
  • BoingBoing. "Drew Friedman's Sideshow Freaks." (Sept. 22, 2011) http://boingboing.net/2011/01/25/sideshowfreaks.html
  • Bondeson, Jan. "A Cabinet of Medical Curiosities." W.W. Norton & Company. 1999. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://books.google.com/books?id=l6hFRhHeVUwC&dq=Julia+Pastrana&source=gbs_navlinks_s
  • Craton, Lillian. "The Victorian freak show: the significance of disability and physical differences in 19th-century fiction." Cambria Press. 2009. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://books.google.com/books?id=MKcKPWkWtR0C&dq=disability+studies+sideshows+craton&source=gbs_navlinks_s
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  • Danzig, Jon. "Doctor protests at greeting card manufacturer making fun of woman with acromegaly." British Medical Journal. Nov. 4, 2006. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1633789/
  • Disability Social History Project. "Freak Shows in the United States (1840 – 1940)." (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.disabilityhistory.org/freak1.html
  • Hartzman, Marc. "American Sideshow: An Encyclopedia of History's Most Wondrous and Curiously Strange Performers." Penguin. 2006. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://books.google.com/books?id=_ruXJxuyNfgC&dq=myrtle+corbin&source=gbs_navlinks_s
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  • National Fairground Archive. "Freak Shows." The University of Sheffield. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.nfa.dept.shef.ac.uk/history/shows/freaks.html
  • National Institutes of Health. "From 'Monsters' to Modern Medical Miracles: Selected moments in the history of conjoined twins from medieval to modern times." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Aug. 4, 2006. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/conjoined/marvels.html
  • Reiss, Benjamin. "P.T. Barnum, Joice Heth and Antebellum Spectacles of Race." Middle Tennessee State University. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://frank.mtsu.edu/~dryfe/SyllabusMaterials/Classreadings/Reiss.pdf
  • Sammarco, Dianne L. and Rounds, Kathleen L. "The Amazing Seven Sutherland Sisters and Their 'Niagara of Curls'." Yankee Magazine. April 1982. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://new.yankeemagazine.com/article/amazing-seven-sutherland-sisters-and-their-niagara-curls
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  • Sweet, Matthew. "Julia Pastrana: The Tragic Story of the Victorian Ape Woman by Christopher Hals Gylseth & Lars O. Toverud." The Independent. Dec. 21, 2003. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/julia-pastrana-the-tragic-story-of-the-victorian-ape-woman-by-christopher-hals-gylseth-amp-lars-o-toverud-577492.html
  • Sunday Magazine. "The Passing of the Once Popular Sideshow Freak." Feb. 26, 1911. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://sundaymagazine.org/2011/02/the-passing-of-the-once-popular-sideshow-freak/
  • The New York Times. "The Loving Lilliputians." Feb. 11, 1863. (Sept. 22, 2011) http://www.nytimes.com/1863/02/11/news/loving-lilliputians-warren-thumbiana-marriage-general-tom-thumb-queen-beauty-who.html?scp=36&sq=charles+stratton&st=cse&pagewanted=all
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