The U.S. wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been covered extensively by the television news media, thanks in part to embedding, an arrangement between media outlets and the military to allow civilian journalists to travel with the troops into active war zones. Embedding is a new phenomenon that was born of journalist frustration with having to report the previous Gulf War at a distance [source: Ignatius]. While the effectiveness and objectivity of embedded journalism has come under fire, it is unquestionably one of the most extreme and dangerous jobs in TV.
In January 2006, ABC anchorman Bob Woodruff and his cameraman Doug Vogt were seriously injured when their Army infantry convoy tripped a roadside bomb called an improvised explosive device (IED). Woodruff sustained traumatic brain injury from the rocks and debris that pierced his skull during the explosion and suffers lingering speech difficulties from the trauma. Vogt also sustained injuries to his head, as well as a broken shoulder [source: Weiss].
Unfortunately, Woodruff isn't alone. IEDs have severely injured and even killed a number of embedded TV and print journalists. Over a few difficult months in 2009, British and Canadian journalists were killed in separate IED explosions while traveling the treacherous roads of Afghanistan; several more TV journalists lost limbs [source: Boone].
According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the dual wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been the most dangerous for media in modern history [source: Weiss].
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